When you have studied this chapter, you should be
able to
1 Describe the traditional performance profiling technique
and adaptations to this procedure
2 Describe and explain the theoretical roots of performance
3 Critically evaluate the profiling literature and outline the
uses, impacts and limitations of the technique
4 Understand how to use the performance profile in a variety
of ways to suit the sporting context
Books and book chapters
Butler, R. (1997). Performance profiling: Assessing the way forward. In Butler, R. J. (ed.) Sports
Psychology in Performance, pp. 33-48. Oxford, UK: Butterworth-Heinemann.
Butler, R. J. (1989). Psychological preparation of Olympic boxers. In Kremer, J. and Crawford,
W. (eds) The Psychology of Sport: Theory and practice, pp. 74-84. Belfast, Northern Ireland:
BPS Northern Ireland Branch.

Butler, R. J. and Hardy, L. (1992). The performance profile: Theory and application. The Sport
Psychologist, 6, 253-64.
Dale, G. A. and Wrisberg, C. A. (1996). The use of a performance profile technique in a
team setting: Getting the athletes and coach on the ‘same page’. The Sport Psychologist, 10,
Doyle, J. M. and Parfitt, G. (1997). Performance profiling and constructive validity. The Sport
Psychologist, 11, 411-25.
Gucciardi, D. F. and Gordon, S. (2009). Revisiting the performance profile technique:
Theoretical underpinnings and application. The Sport Psychologist, 23, 93-117.
Jones, G. (1993). The role of performance profiling in cognitive behavioral interventions in
sport. The Sport Psychologist, 7, 160-72.
Weston, N. J. V., Greenlees, I. A. and Thelwell, R. C. (2012). A review of Butler and Hardy’s
(1992) performance profiling procedure within sport. International Review of Sport and
Exercise Psychology, 5, 1-21.
The application and impact of performance profiling
in sport
Neil Weston