You should be able to:
  • 1 Evaluate the literature that has suggested PST to be of benefit to the sports performer
  • 2 Evaluate some of the models of PST delivery and appraise how such skills can be implemented
  • 3 Critically evaluate the contemporary approaches to researching PST and performance
Applied sport psychology: Enhancing performance using
psychological skills training
Useful links A website that offers self-help tips on a range of issues. It is not sport psychology and therefore  not applicable to help with pre-performance or performance
issues, but issues such as stress, concentration, mood are covered as these issues are pervasive. is a sport psychology website with lots of useful material. Rather than provides individual links, it is better to go on the website and search for material.
There is a great deal and it is easy to read. It is a great place to start when looking at the topic, it has athletes perspectives and is very well put together.
Want to perform better?
Psychological skills can help you perform better.

a) Learn the intervention; it could be goal-setting, self-talk, i
f-then planning, imagery or a different intervention. Spend some time practising. Its possible that
performance will get worse when learning how to use psychological; its not dissimilar to learning to do two things at once.

b) Re-test whether you have improved.

c) Reflect on whether the intervention worked or not? Was it your beliefs that made it work?
Read more
How can I perform consistently well under pressure
We explain strategies to use to train to perform consistently under pressure.
Read more
Game, set, and match - developing resilient self-confidence in tennis
Professor Andy Lane looks at the mental qualities needed to be an elite tennis player, and offers practical suggestions on how tennis players can improve their mental game
Read more
Richard Thelwell

Driskell, J. E., Copper, C. and Moran, A. (1994). Does mental practice improve performance? Journal of Applied Psychology, 79, 481-92.
Holmes, P. S. and Collins, D. J. (2001). The PETTLEP approach to motor imagery: A functional equivalence model for sport psychologists. J
ournal of Applied
Sport Psychology
, 13(1), 60-83.
Jeannerod, M. (1994). The representing brain: Neural correlates of motor intention and imagery.
Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 17, 187-245.
Murphy, S. M. (1990). Models of imagery in sport psychology: A review. J
ournal of Mental Imagery, 14, 153-72.
Nordin, S. M. and Cumming, J. (2005). Professional dancers describe their imagery: Where, when, what, why, and how.
The Sport Psychologist, 19, 295-416.
Smith, D., Wright, C. J., Allsopp, A. and Westhead, H. (2007). It’s all in the mind: PETTLEPbased imagery and sports performance. J
ournal of Applied Sport
Psychology, 19
, 80-92.
Wakefield, C. J. and Smith, D. (2011). Frequency of PETTLEP imagery and strength gains: A case study. T
he Sport Psychologist, 25(3), 305-20.
Wakefield, C. J., Smith, D., Moran, A. and Holmes, P. (2013). Functional equivalence or behavioural matching? A critical reflection on 15 years of research
using the PETTLEP model of motor imagery.
International Review of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 6, 105-21.